The issue of exculpation at the time of Imam Sajjad (AS) From speculation to movement

Document Type : Original Article



Imam Sajjad’s (AS) course of Imamate should be considered as the
beginning of the exculpation movement of the Two Scholars. This
movement is the result of the caliphate issue after the demise of the
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and its following disagreements. The split
due to this disagreement between the Shia of the Commander of the
Faithful (AS) and the opposite party was not disclosed as a group and
social encounter until the occurrence of Ashura. After the happening
of Kerbela, the speculation of exculpation was manifested in different
forms and this issue gradually launched a movement, and Kufa became
a center for the development of the exculpation thought. Of course, the
Umayyad was also effective in this movement. Exploring the social and
political conditions of the time of Imam Sajjad (AS) and the narrations
attributed to him shows that Imam Sajjad (AS) was content with launching
a movement out of this thought. In addition to guiding the companions
in this regard, he also was considering different aspects of precautionary