Document Type : Original Article
Associate professor, department of Quran and Hadith, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
PhD candidate in the history of Islam, baqir Al-Olum University
Imam Hasan’s reconciliation with Movie in the year 40 is a defining moment in the early history of Islam. This event changed the structure of Islamic governments from caliphate to monarchy. Therefore, historians
and hadith scholars have placed this issue at the center of their attention and investigated the reasons behind it from the perspective of their own religious or political stances. The current paper first studies the philosophy of this reconciliation up to the seventh century with reference to Sunni and Shia writings. It then takes a critical analytical stance toward narratives and historical accounts. Finally, the current research concludes that Shia and Sunni scholars looked at this reconciliation from different perspectives and offered differing analyses and reasons. The current article finds that both Shia and Sunni scholars concur that Imam Hasan’s reconciliation emenated from Imam’s decision to protect the interests of Muslims. However, sunni and Shia historians single out different backgrounds for this major decision