Relations of Traditionalists and Imamates in Baghdad From the minor occultation to the decline of the Buwahid

Document Type : Original Article



Scientific and practical conflicts of the Traditionalists with the Imamates
at the time of occultation had in increasing trend. Historical evidences
show that with the increase of social and scientific search of the Imamates
in the late third century and the early fourth century, Traditionalists (the
Hanbalite) caused social disturbances against Shia. After the rising of
the Buwahid and the growth of the sociopolitical activities of Shias and
revealing their rites and customs, sensitiveness and conflicts increased
dramatically and at the late fourth century and the early fifth century-simultaneous with the blooming of Baghdad school- social conspiracy
reached its summit. Noble Imamates and Traditionalists’ stances were
different against religious disturbances. Although Imamate thinkers
were active in their scientific discussions and ideas to refute and reject
the basis and grounds of the Traditionalists, but not only did not they
move ahead in social disturbances, but also they were trying to stop
the conspiracy while the traditionalists and scholars of the Traditionalist
were outriders and heralds in conflicts and instigation and stimulation
of the lay people, those as Abu Barbahari, Abubakr Muhammad Ibn
Abdoolah the traditionalist, Ibn Bate Hanbali, Ibn Sam’on Hanbali the
traditionalist and sermonizer, and Abu Ali Ibn al-Mazhab the sermonizer
and traditionalist.