Shiaism in the first century: a case study of ideological approach of Ibn Abbas And Abbasids towards Imamate

Document Type : Original Article


hD of Rhetoric in shiite Studies. University of Religions and Denominations, researcher at the comparative research center of Occultation Era


The actual advent of islam in the era of ignorance (prior to Islam) occurred when people accepted and acknowledged the Imamate of the prophet. Imamate was the safeguard and fortress for authorities and
followers of Islam. Shiaism evolved and mutated based on the very principle of Imamate. Thus, the yardstick for differentiation between the mainstrem shia movements was their background and beliefs in Imamate principle. Imamate was the very first issue that captured the attention of Muslims. Ibn Abbas was the first and foremost influential Shia figure among the Abbasids. He ranks among the very few ones presiding over all events and ideological streams of the first century. During his lifetime, contemporary to four Imams, he endeavoured to be an influential, active Shia figure. However, His children, stand in sharp contrast to him. First of all, they distanced themselves from Shia beliefs to accompany political version of Shiaism and to usurp power. When they were on the verge of wresting power they seperated themselves further from Shia virtues and turn their backs to themt. They went astray and deteriorated in their ideological viewpoints to the point of opposing Imams later in their lives.